FAQs

Looking for more information on anaphylaxis symptoms and treatment? You’ve come to the right place! We’ve put together a selection of handy FAQs below for your convenience.

About Anaphylaxis

  • A: Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction to a trigger substance. It can be potentially life threatening and must be treated as a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment. Anaphylaxis can develop suddenly and become rapidly worse in a short period of time.

  • A: According to Health Direct, common symptoms can include:

    • Difficult/noisy breathing
    • Swelling of the tongue
    • Swelling/tightness in the throat
    • Difficulty talking and/or hoarse voice
    • Wheeze or persistent cough
    • Persistent dizziness and/or collapse
    • Pale and floppy (in young children)

    Anaphylaxis may also become evident through less severe symptoms, such as:

    • Swelling of the face, lips and/or eyes
    • Hives or welts
    • Abdominal pain and vomiting (these are signs of anaphylaxis for insect allergy)
  • A: Common triggers include various food types, medications, and insect stings.

  • A: No – anaphylaxis is an individual systemic reaction to a trigger.

  • A: The Australian Society of Clinical Immunology & Allergy (ASCIA) recommends the following:

    Immediate actions for anaphylaxis

    1. Remove Allergen | if still present
    2. Call for Assistance
    3. Lay Patient Flat | do not allow them to stand or walk; do not hold infants upright; if breathing is difficult, allow them to sit; if unconscious, place in recovery position
    4. Adrenaline (epinephrine) is the first line treatment for anaphylaxis | give intramuscular injection (IMI) adrenaline into outer mid-thigh without delay using an adrenaline autoinjector if available OR adrenaline ampoule/syringe
    5. Give oxygen | if available
    6. Call ambulance | to transport patient if not already in a hospital setting
    7. CPR | if required at any time, commence CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

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